The period of #ENDSARS protest all over Nigeria few weeks ago brought to the fore complicated security challenges in Nigeria.

The situation has remained volatile and unpredictable, especially in Lagos and Abuja. Roadblocks could disrupt transportation and access to essential services. Access to main airports could be blocked at any time. Few Security Vehicles/Police personnel are on the road.

Many curfews are in effect throughout the country.

Further protests could occur and may turn violent at any time.

Key security tips:

  • remain cautious
  • avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • expect a heightened security presence
  • allow extra time to reach your destination

North-western states of Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Sokoto and Zamfara and North-eastern states of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa and Yobe

There is a threat of terrorism in these states. To account for the rising incidents of terrorism in the area. Additional security personnel have been deployed to these states. Curfews have also been imposed in cities across the states. Curfews are in effect in Maiduguri and may be imposed in other cities in northern Nigeria, and are subject to change on short notice. There is also a risk of kidnapping in some northern states of Nigeria.

Risk level(s)

North-central state of Plateau

The state of Plateau is affected by sporadic episodes of inter-communal and sectarian violence.

Risk level(s)

Niger Delta states

The security situation in the Niger Delta region is fragile and unstable, particularly in the states of Abia, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Delta,Rivers and Edo. The fall out from the EndSARS protest which was later highjacked by hoodlums groups in the area and have led to higher incidents of violent crime and civil unrest. Armed robbery and kidnapping pose a significant threat in the Niger Delta states.  Armed groups have carried out successful attacks on government/Private facilities, resulting in massive destructions of assets, injuries and deaths. Key

  • If you choose to remain in the Niger Delta states despite this advisory, be extremely vigilant at all times
  • If travelling for business, ensure that meetings are held at a secure location and that your contact is known to you
  • Seek the advice of local authorities when planning trips and leave a detailed itinerary with family or friends


There is a high level of crime throughout Nigeria, including armed robbery, kidnapping for ransom, home invasions, carjacking and violent assault. Criminal activity is high in urban areas, including the city of Lagos, as well as on the northern border with Niger and Chad.


Exercise a high degree of caution in the city of Lagos, specifically within the area covering Ikeja in the north down to Lagos Island, Victoria Island and Ikoyi, Ikorodu axis and from Mile Two (west end of Lagos) to Chevron Estate on the Lekki Peninsula (east end of Lagos). Avoid non-essential travel beyond this area. The level of criminality in Lagos is high and incidents of violent crime, including assaults and armed attacks, have occurred against innocent citizens. Avoid all unnecessary travel after dark.

If you decide to travel to these cities you should stay in secure, guarded accommodations and maintain a high level of personal security awareness at all times.

Risk level(s)


Carry photocopies of your official identification at all times and safely store passports, visas and travel documents.

Petty crime

Petty crime, such as pickpocketing and purse snatching, occurs, particularly in crowded places such as public markets and popular tourist sites.

  • Ensure that your belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
  • Avoid walking alone and displaying any signs of affluence in public
  • Do not leave valuables or bags unattended
  • Use caution when travelling to and from banks
  • Be particularly discreet when using ATM’s, as criminals could follow you to rob you
  • Should you visit a beach, particularly Lekki and Bar beaches on Victoria Island do so only during daylight and in large groups
  • Be wary of tourist excursions. Sign up with a reputable tour company

Remain especially vigilant in:

  • Warri, Delta state
  • in Port Harcourt, Rivers state
  • the states of Abia, Anambra and Imo

Kidnappings for ransom targeting at supposedly rich personalities have increased in the affluent areas of Lagos and the surrounding states of Ogun, Osun and Ondo.


There is a threat of terrorism, particularly in the northern and northeastern area of the country; however, attacks have been conducted elsewhere, including in Abuja. Numerous attacks on individuals, groups and security forces, occurred since 2018. Further attacks are likely.

Targets could include:

  • government buildings, including schools
  • places of worship
  • airports and other transportation hubs and networks
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, shopping centres, markets, hotels and other sites frequently used by guests.

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places.

Be particularly vigilant if attending sporting events and during religious holidays and other public celebrations, as terrorists have used such occasions to mount attacks.


Police checkpoints are very frequent on roads throughout the country. Law- enforcement officers and gangs often use aggressive methods to extort bribes. This is a recurring security problem, especially along Nigeria’s borders. If you need assistance, you may contact the High Commission of Canada in Abuja or the Deputy High Commission in Lagos.


Demonstrations may occur. Since January 2018, there have been regular protests in central Abuja and other cities. These protests, particularly in Abuja, have the potential to turn violent. On 20 October 2020, The Lekki tollgate shooting In Lagos resulted in violent protests resulted in a number of deaths, including security personnel. Tensions continue to be high. Protests are also likely to continue in Lagos, Jos, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina and Zaria. Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations